Romanian People, Language and Religion
Population: Romania has a population of 21,698,181 inhabitants (2004 census).
The Capital, Bucharest, has 2,200,000 inhabitants. Other large cities with about 300,000 inhabitants each: Iasi, Brasov, Constanta, Timisoara, Cluj, Galati and Craiova.
Ethnic structure: Romanians (89.5%), Hungarians (6.6%), Gypsies (2.5%), Germans (0.4%), other minorities (1%).
Religion: Romanian Orthodox (86.7%), Protestant (6.8%), Roman Catholic (4.7%), other (0.4%), unaffiliated (0.2%).
Monetary unit: Leu (RON)
Language: Unlike its Slovak neighbors the Romanian language is Latin based, adopted when the Roman Empire occupied the area. It is one of the Romance language, similar to Italian French, and Spanish.
Hungarian and German can also be found spoken as the native tongue in some towns and villages in various parts of Transylvania. An element left behind when parts of the country were ruled by other nations.
Many Romanians also speak English or French very well in the bigger towns and cities.
Administrative data: Romania is a Republic. It has 41 counties. The capital of the country is the city of Bucharest, the most important city of the country, with over 2,3 million inhabitants. Other large cities with tourist potential are: Constanta (the largest port at the Black Sea, an open port for summer travel in the Black Sea resorts), Brasov (medieval city surrounded by beautiful mountains landscapes), Iasi (Iassy) (an important cultural city, the oldest academic center from Romania), Timisoara (multi- ethnical city , many festivals are here all the year), Cluj (important academic center, with a powerful cultural life), Sibiu (a beautiful medieval city), Oradea (preserve a lovely baroque center), Galati (the biggest port of the Danube), Craiova, Bacau, Targu-Mures, Deva, Alba-Iulia, Arad.
Transylvania: central part of the country;
Moldavia (which includes
Bukovina): eastern part of the country;
Maramures: northern part of the country;
Wallachia (which includes Oltenia and Muntenia): southern part of the country;
Dobrudja: south-eastern part of the country;
Crisana: north-eastern part of the country;
Banat: south-western part of the country.